What Is Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)?
The right to a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) is an educational entitlement of all students in the United States, guaranteed by the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act FAPE is a civil right rooted in the Fourteenth Amendment , which requires schools to provide students with disabilities special education and related services, at public expense, designed to prepare those students for the future. To provide FAPE to a student, schools must provide students with an education, including specialized instruction and related services where necessary, designed to prepare the child for "further education, employment, and independent living."
What is the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)?
Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), federal and Georgia law states that children with disabilities and their families have specific educational rights and procedural protections, or special needs. The law provides for specialized instruction in the least restrictive environment possible that meets these students' challenges – whether physical disabilities, developmental disabilities, behavioral or emotional disabilities, or sensory impairment.
What is an IEP?
Individualized Education Program (IEP) – An IEP gives your child the right each school year to special accommodations and services so he or she can reach his or her full classroom potential.
What is a 504 Plan?
504 Plans – Similar to the IEP process, a 504 Plan guarantees a free and equal education to students with disabilities but includes some accommodations that may not fall under an IEP, such as physical modifications to a desk or a classroom, technology aids, modified textbooks, extra time to take tests, and physical or behavioral therapy.